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WESLEYAN QUADRILATERAL [or How to Know the Guidance of God]

Wesley Quad

We are probably all familiar with the old story of the young man driving down to Cornwall for a weekend break and getting lost on the way. Pulling up outside a pub in a small hamlet in the West Country he asked an old boy sitting outside in the sun if he knew the way to Penzance. The old boy thought for a moment and then replied, ‘I do … but if I were you I wouldn’t start from here!’

Of all the questions I have been asked in 50+ years of ministry the most common by far has been to do with knowing the guidance of God. This ranges from the profound – ‘If God truly does have a plan for our lives (Jeremiah 29:11), a purpose for us to fulfil (Romans 8:28; Ephesians 2:8-10), how can we be sure and certain of it?’ – to the intimate and personal – ‘I am in love with Harry … but how can I be sure he is the right one for me?’ or ‘I have been offered a job in Manchester but it involves moving away from my family and friends … should I take it or stay where I am?’ Sadly, all too often, as a Pastor, I have had people come to me asking about guidance when they have actually already made a decision as to what they are going to do – accepted a job, moving away, got engaged, taken a role in the church or community, and so on. In reality they are presenting me with a fait accompli and asking me to pray for God’s blessing on what they have already decided to do. I learned a long time ago that ‘the need doesn’t necessarily constitute the call’ … which is why we need to seek the guidance of God particularly before, not after, we make any major decision to do something.

Knowing the guidance of God is a big subject, and a difficult one. Discerning ‘the mind of Christ’ (Philippians 2:5) is not always easy, and whilst prayer – ‘waiting upon God’ (Isaiah 40:31) for revelation and help – is an essential part of finding God’s guidance, it is not enough and all too often our prayers in this direction seem to remain unanswered. Personally, I have always found what has become known as the ‘Wesleyan Quadrilateral’ helpful.

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral is a methodology for theological reflection credited to John Wesley, leader of the Methodist movement in the late 18th century (although the term itself was actually coined by the 20th century American Methodist scholar Albert Outler). After studying Wesley’s work for a number of years Outler concluded that John Wesley used four different sources in discerning the heart and mind and will of God for his life. These four sources were scripture, tradition, reason, and Christian experience.

Wesley believed, firstly, that the living core of the Christian faith was revealed in scripture as the sole foundational source. The centrality of scripture was so important for Wesley that he called himself ‘a man of one book’ Wesley insisted that scripture is the first authority and contains the only measure whereby all other truth is tested. It was delivered by authors who were divinely inspired. It is a rule sufficient of itself. It neither needs, nor is capable of, any further addition (2 Timothy 3:14-17; 2 Peter 1:20,21). Although an evangelical, Wesley was not a fundamentalist (in the modern day meaning of that term) and therefore qualified his understanding of scripture.

Biblical interpretation had to be in keeping with orthodox Christian belief, so tradition became the second aspect of his Quadrilateral. For Wesley Christian tradition supplied a link through 1,700 years of history with Jesus and the apostles … an unbroken chain drawing us into fellowship with those who have ‘finished the race, fought the fight’ (2 Timothy 4:7) and who are now ‘seated with Christ in heavenly places’ (Ephesians 2:6). Wesley is somewhat wary of accepting new interpretations of Scripture that don’t accord with tried and tested traditional interpretations.  When he speaks of tradition, however, he does not merely refer to ancient church tradition and the writings of the great theologians and Church Fathers of days past, but also of the immediate and present theological influences which contribute to a person’s understanding of God and of Christian theology.

Thirdly, every belief must be able to be defended rationally or reasonably.  The Apostle Peter exhorts us to ‘always be able to give a good reason for the hope we have within us’ (1 Peter 3:15). Wesley did not divorce faith from reason. Although scripture is sufficient in and of itself and is the foundation of true religion, Wesley clearly believed that without reason we cannot ‘understand ourselves or explain to others’ the essential truths of Scripture.  One of the more alarming features within evangelicalism today is the advance of ‘conspiracy theory’ over and against scripture – everything from modern Israel’s place in deciding world events, to Covid-19 being a ‘sign of the times’, with the necessity of Brexit (because the EU was endowed with the spirit of the antichrist) in between. It is almost as though the Bible alone is seemingly not as challenging or exciting for some Christians as it should be. God, however, gave us brains and expects us to use them. For me (and I suspect John Wesley) getting to grips with the teachings of the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7) is more important than the vagaries of the Book of Daniel or the mysteries of the Book of Revelation

Finally, for Wesley faith was more than merely an acknowledgment of ideas and involved experiential faith. In other words, genuine truth should lead to vital personal experience for the Christian. Reason alone is not sufficient to bring us into a vital personal experience of God and his truth – it must be impregnated by the Holy Spirit if we are to understand the mysteries of God. To quote another great saint of God, Martin Lloyd-Jones, what is needed is ‘logic on fire’. Apart from scripture, experience is the strongest proof of Christianity. Having our hearts ‘strangely warmed’ (as Wesley describes his own experience of the evening of 24 May 1738 at a meeting in Aldersgate when he came to living faith himself).

For John Wesley, tradition, reason, and experience, however, are always subject to scripture, which is primary. Wesley believed that the living core of the Christian faith was revealed in Scripture, illumined by tradition, confirmed by reason, but made real and vital in personal experience. When seeking the guidance of God, therefore, on any matter – whether it be the profound or the intimate and personal – applying these four facets, in the context of waiting upon the Lord prayerfully, is key. It is no ’quick fix’ but it is (I believe) a tried and tested way of coming to know the guidance of God.

Guide me, O thou great Jehovah,
pilgrim through this barren land;
I am weak, but thou are mighty;
hold me with your powerful hand.
Bread of heaven, bread of heaven,
feed me now and evermore.

Open now the crystal fountain,
whence thy healing stream doth flow.
Let the fiery, cloudy pillar
lead me all my journey through.
Strong deliverer, strong deliverer,
be thou still my strength and shield.

When I tread the verge of Jordan,
bid my anxious fears subside.
Death of death, and hell’s destruction,
land me safe on Canaan’s side.
Songs of praises, songs of praises
I will ever sing to thee,
I will ever sing to thee.

~ William Williams (1717-91)

Jim Binney

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DECLARING GOD’S WORTH (Views from the Abbey 12)


A man dreamed that he was escorted into a church by an angel one Sunday morning. There was something strange about the Service. The organist moved her fingers over the keys but no music came forth. The congregation sang and their lips moved but not a sound was heard. Other phases of the Service were routinely carried out but silence prevailed. ‘What does this mean?’ asked the dreamer. The angel replied, ‘You hear nothing because you see this Service just as God sees it. The people are not putting their hearts into their worship – only their lips – and God hears nothing!’ Jesus said, of the empty worship of the scribes and pharisees, ‘These people make a big show of saying the right thing, but their heart isn’t in it. They act like they’re worshiping me, but they don’t mean it’ (Matthew 15:8, The Message).

The root of our present-day English word for worship comes from the Anglo-Saxon weorth meaning ‘worth’ thus weorthscipe meant ‘declaring the worth of something or someone’, in this case declaring God’s worth. This is what the elders around God’s throne in Heaven model for us as they cry out, ‘Worthy is the Lamb, who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and strength and honour and glory and praise … To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be praise and honour and glory and power, for ever and ever!’ (Revelation 5:6-13). When we worship we not only lift God up, we affirm God as being in the highest place of all. We act in a way that is appropriate toward someone of infinite worth. As Psalmist says, ‘Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name … worship the Lord in the splendour of his holiness’ (Psalm 96:8,9).

Worship, of course, does not begin when we come together for a Worship Service in Church on a Sunday, but rather begins in the human heart long before we even set out for church. As Paul tells us in that pivotal passage in his Letter to the Roman Church, when he moves on from doctrinal truth to practical Christian living, ‘Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God – this is your true and proper worship’ (Romans 12:1,2).

Of course there is much more to ‘worship’ than simply attending Worship Services – it is as much about declaring God’s worth by the way we live as by the way we act in a Worship Service. To be one thing in a Worship Service and another thing in our daily life is anathema to God as he himself makes clear through the Prophet Amos: ‘I can’t stand your religious meetings. I’m fed up with your conferences and conventions. I want nothing to do with your religion projects, your pretentious slogans and goals. I’m sick of your fund-raising schemes, your public relations and image making. I’ve had all I can take of your noisy ego-music. When was the last time you sang to me? Do you know what I want? I want justice – oceans of it. I want fairness – rivers of it. That’s what I want. That’s all I want!’ (Amos 5:21-24). The Message). Worship is as much about lifestyle as anything else. The particular point I am trying to make here, however, is that worship – whether lifestyle, or personal or corporate praise – has to come right from the heart.

When it comes to corporate worship (and this may be indicative of a deeper problem for some) all too often on a Sunday morning I have stood up to lead worship and looked out at a congregation that reminded me of an old car I once owned that took 15 minutes to warm up before I could go anywhere. We need to come to church ready and prepared for corporate worship because we have already begun the day in personal worship, not take the first 15 minutes of the Service to get warmed up for worship.

As the late Donald Bridge said many years ago now (and it is still relevant for today), “The church that does not know how to worship is failing in the most fundamental feature of its calling. From the earliest time we find in Scripture believing men and women, unsophisticated by our standards, erecting altars, and worshipping God ‘in spirit and in truth’ (John 4:24). Let the Bible fall open at its centre and we find a book almost entirely devoted to the worship of God. The Psalmist pours out his whole being in adoration and gratitude to God, standing, kneeling, lying on his face, lifting up his hands, clapping, making use of a score of musical instruments, employing poetry and prose, constantly urging others to join him in this holy, happy exercise. Behind the Psalmist is a brilliant kaleidoscope of Old Testament worship with its sacrifices, symbols, vestments, music, and incense. The New Testament reveals those early Christians engaged in worship of a much simpler, freer kind as they met together to enjoy fellowship, to break bread, to learn from the apostles’ teaching, and to pour out their hearts in prayer (Acts 2:42-47). In the Bible’s final book we see that a throne sways the universe, and at the centre is One who is worshipped by heavenly beings and earthly multitudes, all crying out in praise: ‘Hallelujah for the Lord our God the Almighty, reigns!’ (Revelation 19:6).”

Old Ethel was a materially poor but spiritually rich Christian, who possessed little of this world’s goods but who was very enthusiastic in her commitment to, and worship of, God! A life-long Anglican-Christian Old Ethel was not – how shall I put this – hesitant about responding audibly during worship on a Sunday by shouting out ‘Praise the Lord’ or ‘Glory to God’ during the Vicar’s prayers or sermon (not just during the responses) whenever she heard something that exalted the Lord. Old Ethel was much loved by the congregation, who accepted her for who she was and, truth be told, often felt quite challenged by her enthusiasm for God.

Now, the Bishop was coming to visit for a special Service, and the Vicar was overly concerned that Old Ethel’s predilection to shouting out in a Service – albeit in praise of God – would offend the Bishop. Knowing that Old Ethel was materially poor, and desperately in need of new blankets for her bed, the Vicar decided to bribe her to restrain herself during the Bishop’s visit by offering to buy her some new blankets if she promised to keep quiet during the Bishop’s visit and not shout out. Thinking that the Bishop would be rather waffly, and that she probably would not find much to praise the Lord for during his visit, Old Ethel agreed. During the Service (led by the Vicar) she kept noticeably quiet but when it came to the Bishop’s sermon, to her surprise and delight, she discovered that he was a really good preacher and his sermon was wonderfully Christ-centred and God-glorifying.

Old Ethel tried desperately hard to keep quiet but the sermon was so good, so full of God, so full of Jesus, that eventually she could restrain herself no longer. Jumping up out of her seat she shouted out at the top of her voice, ‘Blankets or no blankets … Praise the Lord!’

Worthy, O worthy are you, Lord,
worthy to be thanked and praised
and worshipped and adored.

Worthy, O worthy are you, Lord,
worthy to be thanked and praised
and worshipped and adored.

Singing, Hallelujah, Lamb upon the throne,
we worship and adore you, make your glory known.
Hallelujah, glory to the King:
you’re more than a conqueror,
you’re Lord of everything.

~ Mark Kinzer

~ Jim Binney

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STANDING FIRM (Life in a Time of Lockdown 12)

Roman Soldier
Two friends of ours were staying in Los Angeles in 1994 when the city experienced a major earthquake. They were actually sight-seeing in another part of the San Fernando Valley and felt absolutely nothing at the time. In fact they didn’t even know there had been an earthquake until they got back to their hotel. Seemingly, the part of the valley they had been visiting stood on a gigantic slab of rock that proved impervious to the earthquake tremors. They were standing on a firm foundation.

Paul concludes his first Letter to the Corinthian Church by exhorting them to ‘Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be courageous; be strong’ (1 Corinthians 16:13) which seems in hindsight to be a good word for us today as we find ourselves living in the midst of tremors of various kinds seemingly coming one after the other at this present time. The encouragement to ‘stand firm’ is one of Paul’s favourite exhortations cropping up in various of his letters. In that classic passage on the need for us to clothe ourselves in ‘the armour of God’ (Ephesians 6:10-20) it occurs four times in just a few verses alone. The Apostle also possibly gives us a clue of exactly what he means by ‘standing firm in our faith’ when he speaks about ‘taking up the shield of faith, with which you will be able to quench all the flaming arrows of the evil one’ (v.16).

When Paul was writing this wonderful passage about wearing the armour of God he no doubt had in mind the armour worn by a Roman soldier. According to tradition, he wrote the letter while he was in prison in Rome (around AD 62) so perhaps he was actually looking at one of his guards as he wrote these words. The shield that he refers to here would have been the scutum, the large oblong shield we are most familiar with, a convex surface measuring two and a half feet in width and four feet in length, made up of various layers of wood and hide glued together to create a formidable barrier capable of turning aside the most formidable blows of stones, pikes, and heavy missiles in general including fiery darts or arrows.

In much the same way the faith Paul speaks about here – the faith we need to stand firm in in order to withstand the pressures of the spiritual warfare we find ourselves in – is made up of various layers, each one essential if we are to win through in battle. In particular, the Bible speaks of four kinds of faith, different layers, or kinds of faith, that we need to know in personal experience.

Firstly, there is what we might call saving faith. Writing earlier in this letter to the Ephesians Paul reminds us that we are ‘saved by grace, through faith’ (Ephesians 2:8,9). Whilst our salvation is all of grace – God’s agape love in action primarily through the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ on our behalf – it only becomes real to us in dynamic experience through personal faith. For some of us that may happen in a moment just like Paul on Damascus Road (Acts 9:1-19), for others it may be the result of a journey of discovery like the two on Emmaus Road (Luke 24:13-35).

Secondly, there is what we might call the fruit of faith or faithfulness. Writing to the Galatian Church, Paul suggests that genuine saving faith eventually results in the fruit of a Christlike character: ‘The fruit of the Spirit [of Christ] is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control’ (Galatians 5:22,23). Here ‘faith’ or ‘faithfulness’ (the same word in the Greek) is not so much a kairos moment as an ongoing, day after day, consistent, faithfulness to Christ and his ways. The kind of person and life exemplified by Silas, whom Peter describes as ‘a faithful brother’ (1 Peter 5:12).

Thirdly, there is what we might call the gift of faith. Writing about some of the specific supernatural gifts of the Spirit in his first letter to the Corinthian Church, Paul refers to ‘the gift of faith’ (1 Corinthians 12:9). Paul is not speaking here of saving faith, nor the fruit of faith, but of a specific deposit of faith implanted into the human soul and heart and mind, enabling that person to believe God for something specific. Think for a moment of the various Heroes of Faith described in Hebrews 11. Each of them were not only called by God to a specific task – Abraham to find the Promised Land, Noah to build the Ark, and so on – but each was also given a specific gift of faith to accompany their specific calling, so much so that it was actually easier for them to believe (rather than not believe) that what God was calling them to would be accomplished. Noah could not have found his way to the Promised Land, Abraham could not have built the Ark, because that was not what God had called them to … but he did give them the gift of faith for that which he had called them to!

And finally, there is what we might call the doctrines of the Faith. Jude (the half-brother of Jesus himself) exhorts the believers of his day to ‘contend for the faith that was once and for all entrusted to the saints’ (Jude 3). Whilst the New Testament Church clearly were still in the process of working out the doctrinal implications of the Incarnation and Passion of Jesus Christ, it would seem that there were already a number of doctrines or teachings that were considered essential, indispensable, non-negotiable if you like which those first Christians needed to contend for in the face of scoffers and heretics alike. It is not my intention here to discuss or debate what those essential doctrines may or may not be (although it could be something for us all to think about), but rather to underline the importance of having what has been described as ‘a thought through faith’.

Part of having a firm faith foundation is to ‘know the one in whom I have placed my confidence, and [be] perfectly certain that the work he has committed to me is safe in his hands until that day’ (2 Timothy 1:12 J B Phillips) and to know why we believe what we believe. As Peter tells us elsewhere, ‘reverence Christ in your hearts … honour him as Lord … be ready at all times to answer anyone who asks you to explain the hope you have within you’ (1 Peter 3:15).

My hope is built on nothing less
Than Jesus Christ, my righteousness;
I dare not trust the sweetest frame,
But wholly lean on Jesus’ name.

On Christ, the solid Rock, I stand;
All other ground is sinking sand,
All other ground is sinking sand.

When darkness veils His lovely face,
I rest on His unchanging grace;
In every high and stormy gale,
My anchor holds within the veil.

His oath, His covenant, His blood,
Support me in the whelming flood;
When all around my soul gives way,
He then is all my hope and stay.

When He shall come with trumpet sound,
Oh, may I then in Him be found;
In Him, my righteousness, alone,
Faultless to stand before the throne.

~ Edward Mote (1797-1874)

Jim Binney


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One of the joys of having been a Baptist Minister for more than 50 years is that every now and then I get letters or emails or phone calls from people that I have been able to help in times past. This week I had a letter from a chap called Craig who wrote to thank me for praying for him 37 years ago when I was the Senior Minister at Teddington Baptist Church and he was a student studying at nearby St Mary’s College in Twickenham. He was deeply sorry not to have got around to thanking me until now, but better late than never.

From about the age of nine Craig had suffered from terrible nightmares which all started when his cousins came round to his house and called up the spirit of a deceased lady. From that day on he experienced an evil presence in his room and that is when the nightmares began. By the time he was studying for a degree at St Mary’s the nightmares had got worse and he dreaded going to sleep at night. At that time he was attending a Christian Fellowship in Twickenham and some of the members suggested that he came to see me for healing. He says, ‘I can still remember you placing your hands on my head and praying for healing. When I went back to my college room I experienced a wonderful peace and all fear of going to sleep had left me, and from that day until now I have had no nightmares and if I ever wake up in the night and sense evil near, I simply ask Jesus to be with me and the evil presence departs.’ Of course all I did was pray for him … it was God who delivered him and set him free. As Jesus himself said on one occasion, ‘If the Son sets you free, you are free indeed’ (John 8:36)!

In 1 Samuel 28:3-25 there is an intriguing story involving King Saul and a medium who lived at a place called Endor. The Bible says she called up the spirit of Samuel who spoke to Saul about his upcoming death. The fact is that Saul did die the next day. It has been debated as to whether it was really Samuel who spoke to Saul rather than some demonic spirit, or some trick on behalf of the medium. If it was Samuel, there is also the questions of why and how he was allowed to appear. There are many unanswered questions that surround this episode. Whatever the case may be, this story does not give any basis for the living to attempt to contact the dead. The fate of Saul gives further testimony of the bad things that happen when people attempt to contact those in the spirit world rather than the true and living God.

Craig’s letter, however, got me thinking about the mess we get ourselves into by listening to the voices of dead people. I’m not just thinking about attending seances and calling up the spirits of dead people (which the Bible explicitly warns us against doing) but the way in which we allow voices from the past – long dead voices oftentimes – to continue to cripple us in the present. Now I know that some of us suffer from the abusive behaviour of living people: the school bully, the obnoxious boss or colleague at work, the difficult neighbour, the domineering parent at home, the authoritarian leader in church. Others of us have suffered from the negative influence of family or friends. I recently had a long discussion with a young man who held the most awful racist, fascist, hate-filled views. Rather than argue with him I asked him where all this vitriol came from, and eventually he confessed that he was simply repeating his own father’s views. I was then able to intelligently challenge some of these views from an informed place.

To some degree I can understand why people are affected by the voices of the living because they are there – constantly in our faces so to speak – whether that be in our homes or at work or in the church or via the media. What I don’t understand is why we continue to listen to dead voices long after the people concerned are gone from this life. Of course there are always those ‘Heroes of Faith’ who, like Abel, ‘still speak [positively into our lives] even though dead’ (Hebrews 11:4), and I am not saying that we shouldn’t still hear their voices encouraging us on. I think particularly of the late Rev Ernest Forward (my first Pastor at Greenford Baptist Church) whose words and wisdom I still value to this day. But how come so many of us are still influenced by the negative voices from the past that damaged us then and still hold us back today even though they are no longer with us? The domineering father, the demanding mother, the bullying brother, the abusive boss, the intimidating church leader, and so on. I think of a woman I know whose spiritual growth has been warped and stunted because she remains dominated by her father even though he died many years ago. I think of a church, where the Deacons’ Vestry (and the Deacons themselves) is dominated by a large oil painting of a former Minister (who also died years ago) and every decision is coloured by the question, ‘Would Mr So and So have approved of this or not?’

Personally, I owe a lot to my own father. I still miss him, wish I had spent more time with him when he was alive, and often long that I could talk to him now about so many things. He died some 50 years ago now. I am an only child and my father desperately wanted me to succeed in life (where he felt he himself had failed). He put colossal pressure on me to do well at school, etc., all of which had a detrimental effect on me so that I achieved the opposite of what he wanted. For many years, even after his death, I felt myself cowed by his approach, held back in a number of ways, too conscious of what other people thought about me (or rather, what I thought other people might be thinking about me). I was listening to a dead voice!

Two things happened to change all this. Firstly, I suddenly realised one day that it didn’t really matter what other people thought about me as long as God approved of what I was and what I was doing. There is only one voice that really matters. Jesus said, ‘My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand’ (John 10:27,28). And secondly, one day in a prayer meeting of all places, I suddenly realised that I had to forgive my father (even though he had died years before) for all the unnecessary pressure he had put on me over the years. As Jesus himself once poignantly said: ‘Forgive them … they didn’t know what they were doing!’ (Luke 23:34). So right there and then I did just that. I forgave my father. I stopped listening to that particular dead voice … and as a result I started to flourish in a whole variety of ways. 

Speak, Lord, in the stillness
while I wait on Thee;
hushed my heart to listen
in expectancy.

Speak, O blessed Master,
in this quiet hour;
let me see your face, Lord,
feel your touch of power.

For the words You speak, Lord,
they are life indeed;
living bread from heaven,
now my spirit feed!

All to You is yielded,
I am not my own;
blissful, glad surrender,
I am yours alone.

Fill me with the knowledge
of your glorious will;
all your own good pleasure
in your child fulfil.

~Emily Crawford (1864-1927)

Jim Binney


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LAID BARE (Life in a Time of Lockdown 11)

Laid Bare

At the start of the lockdown, one of our cherished church members acutely observed that ‘this is a good time for us to get to know ourselves.’ How right she was. I think we have learned more about ourselves during this difficult time and discovered more about what we are really made of. Psalm 139 is a most wonderful, profound, and intense hymn of praise recounting God’s personal and intimate knowledge of every single one of us. The Psalmist tells us here ‘that God knitted us together in our mother’s womb’ (v.13). He literally wove our DNA in such a way as to produce our moral fibre. God knows what we made of because he made us.

The Apostle Peter tells us to ‘cast all our cares, all our anxieties on God because he cares for us’ (1 Peter 5:7) … as he does for every part of his creation. As Jesus himself tells us: ‘What’s the price of a pet canary? Some loose change, right? And God cares what happens to it even more than you do. He pays even greater attention to you, down to the last detail – even numbering the hairs on your head!’ (Matthew 10:29-31 The Message).

This time of lockdown is a time of stripping back, of shaking, of sifting, of laying bare. We are beginning to see things as they really are. Pretence, hypocrisy, sham, hollow rhetoric is being exposed … and may it long continue. I wonder if all we are experiencing right now part of God’s judgement. It depends on how we see God’s judgement, of course. The Bible is clear that ‘people are destined to die once, and after that face judgement’ (Hebrews 9:27). For many the ‘great assize’ has lost its power but it serves to safeguard important truths: judgement is serious, just and inescapable but conducted under the gaze of gracious love by Christ himself. As Jesus himself said: ‘you haven’t seen the half of it yet, for in the same way that the Father raises the dead and creates life, so does the Son. The Son gives life to anyone he chooses. Neither he nor the Father shuts anyone out. The Father handed all authority to judge over to the Son so that the Son will be honoured equally with the Father’ (John 5:22 The Message).

There has been discussion over the centuries about whether divine judgement can be perceived through the events of history. Certainly in previous generations a plague would have been viewed in these terms. What then are we to make of this current pandemic … and others like it? What is God seeking to say to us through it?

Perhaps though it would be better to understand God judgement as an exposing of truth. There will be a day, ‘The Day of Judgement,’ when this will be done in totality and perfection. One day all the wrongs will be righted, all injustice rectified. However, in another way, we are always under God’s judgement in that God always sees things as they really are and the exposing of truth is ongoing: ‘Nothing is hidden to him. He is the One who brings to light what is hidden in darkness and will expose the motives of people’s hearts’ (I Corinthians 4:5).

For those in Christ by God’s grace, this is not a fearful thing but a matter of deep peace, assurance, and thanksgiving. Whatever is happening in the world, God sees and knows everything. No-one can hide from God (Psalm 139:7-12). All the secrets of our hearts are revealed: ‘Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account’ (Hebrews 4:13). God is bringing things to light and ‘everything is going to be out in the open, and everyone will know how things really are’ (Matthew 10:26 The Message). Now, today, we are living in days when no-one anywhere can hide from God’s penetrating gaze. God is searching our hearts. We are laid bare.

God of grace, I turn my face
To you, I cannot hide
My nakedness, my shame, my guilt
Are all before your eyes

Strivings and all anguished dreams
In rags lie at my feet
And only grace provides the way
For me to stand complete

And your grace clothes me in righteousness
And your mercy covers me In love
Your life adorns and beautifies
I stand complete in you

~ Chris Bowater

Julia Binney


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THINKING OUTSIDE THE BOX (Life in a Time of Lockdown 10)


On display in the Bell Laboratories in Jersey, USA, is a box which always attracts a lot of attention. On the side of the box there is a toggle switch which, when turned ‘on’, causes a hand to appear from inside the box that switches the machine ‘off’ again before disappearing back inside the box. Apparently people stand around for several minutes waiting for something else to happen … and it doesn’t! The box, sometimes known as the ‘useless box’, was invented by Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor and artificial intelligence pioneer Marvin Minsky (1927-2016) when he was a graduate student at the Bell Laboratories in 1952. The box is a device which has a function but no direct purpose and was possibly intended to make a philosophical point, or an amusing engineering ‘hack’, or as an intellectual joke. The term ‘useless box’ has subsequently come to describe something that has no obvious function or which malfunctions.

Those of us of a certain generation will recall the song ‘Little Boxes’ made famous by Pete Seeger in 1963. Written by Malvina Reynolds in 1962, the song is a political satire about the development of suburbia, and associated conformist middle-class attitudes. It mocks suburban tract housing as ‘little boxes’ of different colours ‘all made out of ticky-tacky’ (a reference to the shoddy material supposedly used in the construction of the houses in those days), and which ‘all look just the same’. More disturbing, however, is Reynolds’ observation that the people who live in these houses, in these ‘boxes’, are just as soul-less as the houses they live in … at least the ‘little boxes’ had colour!

For many people – not least Christians – this enforced period of ‘lockdown’ has been an opportunity to take a good look at ourselves and, where necessary, ‘press the re-set button’ as someone put it. To think seriously about the way we live our lives, run our country, follow Jesus Christ, ‘do’ and ‘be’ Church, etc. etc. This has proved a rude awakening for some of us with the realisation that there is just too much ‘ticky-tacky’ around … in our world and in the Church … even in our lives and our church?!

We are all probably familiar with the metaphor about ‘thinking outside the box’ meaning to think differently, unconventionally, or from a new perspective. This phrase often refers to novel or creative thinking. The term is thought to derive from management consultants in the 1970s and 1980s challenging their clients to solve the ‘nine dots’ puzzle (how do you connect nine dots set in a square with just three straight lines – you can look it up on the internet) where the solution required some lateral thinking. This phrase can also be found commonly in dance, as encouragement to move creatively, beyond simple, geometric box steps and their basic variations, to literally step outside the box into more complex patterns of expression. This catchphrase (which has become a cliché), is widely used to encourage us to look further than what exists at the moment … to try not thinking of the obvious things, but to try thinking of the things beyond them or even other than them.

A young Congregational Minister (in his first church) went to see P T Forsyth, the great Scottish theologian: ‘My congregation are complaining that my preaching is over their heads’ he said. Forsyth looked at the young man over the rim of his spectacles, paused for a moment and then said: ‘Tell you congregation to lift up their heads!’ God reminds us, through the Prophet Isaiah, that his way of thinking, his way of doing things, is so much higher than ours: ‘For my thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways my ways, says the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts’ (Isaiah 55:8,9). In the Day of the Judges (early in the history of Israel) we are told ‘all the people did what was right in their own eyes’ (Judges 21:25) which is perhaps too apt a description for much of what is going on today than we would like to admit – not only in the world but in the Church as well. Even ‘good ideas’ are not necessarily ‘God ideas’ as the saying goes? Is this the time for us to all make significant changes? Time to tune in to God? Time to get on his wavelength? Time to ‘lift up our heads?

Thinking outside the box is not easy for any of us as individuals, as a nation, or as a church? I shared the Gospel with a lady a little while ago. ‘I can see where you are coming from’ she said, ‘but if I take on board what you are saying … I would have to change everything?’ Are governments, the ‘captains of industry’ etc., etc. really prepared to radically change their views so that we might ‘see a mighty flood of justice, an endless river of righteous living’ (Amos 5:24 NLT). As church are we prepared to replace outworn (even if much loved) ways of being and doing church with ways that actually ‘scratch where people itch’?

Interestingly, there has been some notable reflection and variations on Minsky’s ‘useless box’ down through the years … which are relevant to our discussion here. Michael Seedman dubbed it the ‘leave me alone box’ and I can just imagine the negative reaction of some people to any suggestion that we need to embrace any change – personally, politically, or church-wise?  Arthur C. Clarke (the Science Fiction writer) saw a version of Minsky’s box and commented: ‘There is something unspeakably sinister about a machine that does nothing—absolutely nothing—except switch itself off!’ which, in and of itself, could sadly be an apt commentary on many lives, societies, and even churches. A chap called Don Poynter produced a version of Minsky’s box with a gold coin on the top. When the toggle switch was activated the hand emerged from the box … and snatched the gold coin … and then disappeared back into the box again switching itself off in the process. Perhaps even this has something to say to us all – individuals, nations, and churches – about the sin of ‘storing surplus wealth in bigger barns’ instead of ‘putting God first’ and using our excess to bless and meet the needs of others (Luke 12:16-21).

One thing we can be absolutely sure of (even if we can’t see it clearly right now) is that God’s ‘new normal’ – for us as individuals, for us as a country, for us as a world, for us as a church – will be far, far better than our ‘old normal’. As he tells us in the Scriptures:  ‘I know what I’m doing. I have it all planned out – plans to take care of you, not abandon you, plans to give you the future you hope for’ (Jeremiah 29:11 The Message).

So here is a new song, written by Mike Clifford, called Alone Together, to both encourage and challenge us during ‘lockdown’ that seems appropriate … you can make up your own tune.

It’s easy to sing in a church full of saints,
To go through the motions with no complaints,
To sleep through the sermon, to murmur the prayers …
Comfortable Christians in comfortable chairs.

But lockdown has challenged our vision of church,
To worship at home requires us to search
Our hearts and our minds and come to the place
Where we can find God in a new sacred space.

Alone together we think and we pray;
Alone together we long for the day
When out from our lockdown we’ll come and we’ll say,
“The Lord has been with us while we’ve been away”.

Our sacred traditions will all have to change.
And even though people may think it strange,
The church must keep moving, we cannot stand still
So stand up together and follow God’s will!

Jim Binney

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SHAKEN-NESS (Life in a Time of Lockdown 9)

Springwatch has just finished for another year. This is sad for my sister, Livy, as she is a big fan of the programme’s presenter, the naturalist Chris Packham. He has said in the Guardian recently, speaking of life before Covid-19, that ‘the way we were living was unsustainable.’ Whilst not as big a fan as my sister, I think he is right. We cannot continue the way we were going with obscene levels of wealth inequality, social and economic injustice, and the catastrophic effects of unbridled globalisation on the climate and the natural world. And then there is the issue of racial injustice now so much to the fore and rightly so. For too long people in this country (not just in America) have been discriminated against in every area of life on the basis of the colour of their skin and their racial background. On all these issues it is as if God is saying enough is enough. The worldwide pandemic has caused the roof of the corrupt edifices in society to be well and truly blown off, and consequently the walls are now falling down bit by bit. The world is being shaken!

Andrew Shanks is a British theologian who has written about how, in response to our current trauma, we are being shaken. He identifies what he calls ‘the politics of shaken-ness’ … being shaken out of half-truths, dishonesties, and the editing of reality to suit a certain narrative and perspective. According to Shanks, this dishonesty is in order to sensitise people to the scapegoating and sacrificing of some in order to secure the interests of others. We are living through a global trauma and we are being shaken out of our complacency, our concealing of reality, our falseness and fakery, and we are now opened up to things in all their disarray, pain, and potential. No more hiding under the comfort blanket of ignorance or indifference. God is shaking us open whether we like it or not.

This was the experience of those who listened to Peter’s sermon on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:14-41). Their comfortable religious certainties were being undermined and usurped. Peter, bit by bit, subverted their long-held assumptions and entrenched traditions. The roof of their life house was stripped off and the walls of their life house were tumbling down. His words had a profound effect on the hearers. They were ‘cut to the heart’ (verse 37). Other translations describe them as being ‘crushed’, ‘pierced’, ‘cut to the quick with remorse and anxiety.’ In other words, they were shaken to their very core. They cry out ‘Brothers, what shall we do?’ And Peter tells them to turn to God, repent and be baptised in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins’ (verse 38) … believe and receive the promised Holy Spirit.

What will be the outcome of our current ‘shaken-ness’ in society? We don’t know. Too many people (as Jesus’ Parable of the Wide and Foolish Builders in Matthew 7:24-29 implies) for too long have built their life houses on insecure, dangerous sinking sand rather than on the safe and solid rock of Jesus Christ. God is the only sure and certain foundation to our lives and to our world. As the world is being shaken, we need to pray that more and more people with cry out to God ‘What shall we do?’ And may they hear Peter’s response of ‘save yourself from this corrupt generation (verse 40); ‘Get out while you can; get out of this sick and stupid culture’ (The Message) and come to God, our rock of refuge and our strong fortress.

Our confidence is in the Lord
The source of our salvation.
Rest is found in Him alone,
The Author of creation.
We will not fear the evil day,
Because we have a refuge;
In every circumstance we say,
Our hope is built on Jesus.

He is our fortress; We will never be shaken.
He is our fortress; We will never be shaken.
We will put our trust in God.
We will put our trust in God.


~ Julia Binney


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BLACK LIVES MATTER (Life in a Time of Lockdown 8)

Jesus & Sam

When I became a Christian in 1960 – I was 16 years of age and from a non-Christian background – I soon learned that I had to start to change a lot of my views and opinions as God began to convict me of lots of skewed views I had taken on board even in just those 16 years. Racism was something I had picked up along the way. Nature or nurture? I guess it was a mixture of both. I recall a story I heard then – from the 1950s – that has stayed with me down through the years.

Sam travelled all the way from the north down to the south of the USA to spend some time with his widowed sister-in-law, Lorraine. Sam didn’t have a lot of money but he had saved up to make the trip because he wanted to help his sister-in-law who was going through a tough time. Sam was ex-army and he had been away on a tour of duty when his brother, Joel, had died two years previously so he couldn’t get to the funeral. But now Lorraine needed him and this time he could be there for her. Although Sam and Joel had been raised in a Christian home, Sam was the only one of the two of them to go on with the Lord once he and his brother had left home so he felt an additional reason to go down south to help out if he could.

Sam helped out around Lorraine’s house, fixing various things (Sam was a good fixer), doing some of the cooking (Sam was a good cook), and looking after Lorraine’s two kids when she had to work evenings (Lorraine was a waitress). Come Sunday, Sam wanted to go to a Church Service so he dressed up in the smartest clothes he had with him (Sam was a ‘sharp’ dresser) and walked a few blocks to the smart looking church he had spotted in a neighbouring district earlier in the week. He walked up the steps to the main entrance but when he went to enter he was stopped by two stewards on the door who told him in no uncertain terms that he wasn’t welcome in ‘their church’. Sam didn’t understand what was going on and tried to go back in … only to be restrained again and unceremoniously bundled back down the steps into the street. It was only then, as Sam lay there in the dust and the dirt, that he saw the sign: ‘Whites Only!’

As Sam, trudged sadly away from the church, hurt and confused at the blatant racism displayed by those he had thought to be fellow Christians, he suddenly sensed the presence of the Lord Jesus walking alongside him (rather like the two on the Emmaus Road that we read about in Luke 24:13-35). Jesus put his arm around Sam and, pointing back at the church Sam had been refused entry to said, ‘Don’t worry Sam … I’ve been trying to get in there for a long time as well!’

‘But surely those days are over now!’ somebody says. ‘Such a thing just wouldn’t happen today … even in the USA!’  Well actually … things have got worse in many ways. The latest statistics reveal that 87% of Christian Churches in the USA are ‘mono-cultural’ as opposed to ‘multi-cultural’ and I suspect things in the UK are not that much different. The rise of ‘black churches’ in the UK, following the arrival of immigrants from the West Indies from 1948 (on the Windrush), is perhaps understandable. Many of them were practising Christians and, initially looked to join existing British churches, only to be met by blatant racism from many of them. No wonder then, that they formed their own mono-cultural churches. This is something we white British Christians need to acknowledge and repent of, like Isaiah of old recognising that we too share an ‘unclean’ heritage with our forefathers in this (Isaiah 6:5), even if we ourselves were not around at that time.

Has anything really changed, however? Is ‘racism’ still alive and well within largely ‘white churches’? Are we continuing to perpetuate the current pandemic of mono-cultural churches built along cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and tribal lines rather than take seriously the biblical truth that ‘There is [to be?] no longer Jew or Greek … slave or free … male and female – for you are all one in Christ Jesus’ (Galatians 3:28). In the light of all this I wonder how many Reading residents would commend us at Abbey for providing a ‘home’ for three other very different, independent, ethnic churches at Abbey … or see us as actually fuelling racial discrimination (albeit unwittingly) with ‘they have the Asians worshipping early on a Sunday, and then the white British later in the morning, and then the black Africans in the afternoon, and finally the Latinos in the evening!’ Is it time we tried to find a path in which (whilst retaining positive cultural differences) we could be ‘connected yet focussed’ in a meaningful way?

Many Christians (although sadly not all) the world over have been united in their revulsion over the killing of George Floyd by a white Minneapolis police officer, and faith leaders from across the theological spectrum have spoken out about the lessons they think Christians should draw from the incident. For example, Michael Curry (presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church) draws our attention to the Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) who stopped to give aid to a man who had been beaten and left on the side of the road: ‘Only the Samaritan saw the wounded stranger and acted … Love, as Jesus teaches, is action like this as well as attitude. It seeks the good, the well-being, and the welfare of others as well as one’s self.’

On the Day of Pentecost the common people were ‘amazed and astonished’ (Acts 2:7) to hear the disciples of Jesus proclaiming the Good News in the languages of just about every known nation that existed at that time (Acts 2:8-11). It took Peter a little longer, however, to ‘truly understand that God shows no partiality but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him’ (Acts 10:34). There are not five different races (as Samuel Morton and others have taught) but just one race – the human race – and the Christian Church should be at the forefront of modelling this wonderful truth!

And so we pray (using words from Bloomsbury Baptist Church)

Loving and forgiving God, we come to you today recognising that in matters of ethnicity we have no choice – we are who we have been made to be. Before you we rejoice at our diversity, and our hearts lift at your great vision of a worshipping multitude gathered from every nation, tribe, people and language. But nonetheless we recognise that our present reality is very far from this ideal.

We have each of us been shaped by different forces; some of us have been ground down, whilst others have been built up. Some of us have been worn away, or have become fractured and broken. Some of us have found life a burden rather than a joy. None of us have experienced the perfect life.

Some of us have inherited power, whilst others of us have inherited powerlessness.

Some of us have been born white, in a world where whiteness confers privilege. Others of us have been born black, in a world where darker skin carries disadvantage.

We know that this is not the world as you would have it be, but it is our world, and it has been our experience.

None of us asked for our skin colour, none of us asked to be born the heirs of oppression, none of us asked to inherit power or powerlessness.

So before you, and in the name of Jesus Christ who loves all people equally, regardless of ethnicity, gender or social status, we come now to recommit ourselves to your vision of the world.

We come now to pray ‘your kingdom come, on earth as it is in heaven’, and to offer ourselves once to live out your coming kingdom of equality and justice in our lives, in our churches, and in our communities.

And so we confess our own complicity in the status quo which divides and distorts humanity. As we pray, we ask that you will release us from guilt, and will help us to find ways of laying down the burdens we have inherited.

Help us to discover our true and rightful place within the new humanity created in Christ Jesus. All races together, we confess that we have sinned, and that we have fallen short of the glory of God.

We confess our failures to speak out against injustice. We confess those times when, as individuals and as churches, we have witnessed the fracturing of humanity along ethnic grounds, and yet have remained silent. We confess those times when we have been the powerful ones and have chosen to withhold that power whilst another human suffered.

We confess the sin of racist exclusion, the abuse of power to oppress and demean. May those of us who have ourselves experienced exclusion be the first to speak up for others. May we create spaces for reconciliation.

We pray for our churches. May they become places of reconciliation, where each human soul is valued, and where equality in Christ is a reality in our midst. Forgive us those times where we do not live out our calling as your people. May our churches model the new humanity of Christ to those in the communities where we live.

We pray for our communities. Where there is division, may we bring restoration. Where there is inequality may we bring justice. Where there is powerlessness may we lift up the broken hearted. Where there is damage may we bring healing.

Loving and forgiving God, hear our confession, hear the desires of our hearts to be different, grant us your forgiveness, and remake us according to the likeness of Christ.


~ Jim Binney


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TIME TO GO PUBLIC (Life in a Time of Lockdown 7)

Pentecost On Streets

The Day of Pentecost was the day that the apostles left The Upper Room. They had been waiting hidden away for 10 days doing what Jesus had told them to do – to ‘wait for the gift my father promised’ (Acts 1:4). Then the Feast of Pentecost came, and with it the promised gift: ‘They were all together in one place. Without warning there was a sound like a strong wind, gale force – no one could tell where it came from. It filled the whole building. Then like, wild-fire, the Holy Spirit spread through their ranks, and they started speaking in a number of different languages as the Spirit prompted them’ (Acts 2:1-4 The Message). And out they went on to the streets, most probably up to the steps of the temple where Peter preached his first sermon (Acts 2:14-41). It was the time to go public.

This was the apostle’s experience at Pentecost, and it transformed their lives. In the space of a few moments their outlook was revolutionised, their expectations turned upside down, their attitudes changed forever; one moment uncertain of the future, the next sure of their calling; one moment wrestling with doubt, the next full of faith; one moment hiding behind locked doors, the next preaching boldly to the crowds. Then, as now, they were met with scorn and ridicule with suggestions that they were drunk or out of their minds. Then, as now, they were met with disbelief and suspicion. People could not understand what was going on and would rather not even try. But others were also amazed and astonished, and they had a huge impact on the people around them. This power was not only for personal renewal, a greater intimacy with God, a greater love, joy, peace, etc (see the Fruit of the Spirit in Galatians 5:22) all of which are vitally important and deepen our relationship with God but primarily this gift was power for them to witness to the wonders of God to the ends of the earth (see Acts 1:8).

We too are called to be witnesses and if we love Jesus we will obey what he commands (John 14:15). The wonderful thing is that God still pours his Spirit on his church in Pentecostal power today – which is a good thing because we need it! It is time for us to go public. May the Holy Spirit spread through our ranks so that we too can declare the wonders of God wherever he takes us and to whomsoever we meet even during lockdown and perhaps even more so post lockdown!

Samuel Chadwick (1860-1932) was a Methodist Minister from Burnley, Lancashire. This is his testimony: ‘Twelve of us began to pray in a band and the answer came … God led us to Pentecost. The key to all my life is in that experience. It awakened my mind as well as cleansed my heart. It gave me a new joy and a new power, a new love and a new compassion. It gave me a new Bible and a new message. Above all else it gave me a new intimacy in the communion and ministry of prayer; it taught me to pray in the Spirit.’

Samuel Chadwick’s experience can be ours. No more hiding away in The Upper Room (spiritually speaking) but out there serving the Lord, making a difference, making an impact on those around us and changing the world for the better in the power of the Holy Spirit.

Holy Spirit fulfil in me the work begun by Jesus.
Invigorate my work, subdue my pride and raise me to wonder.
Shower your gifts upon your people:
gifts of wisdom and understanding;
gifts of healing and practical help;
gifts of speech and heartfelt tears;
gifts of love which bind us together in peace.

God whose breath gives energy for struggle,
set us free to grow as the children of God:
open our ears that we may hear the weeping of the world;
open our mouths that we may be as voice for the voiceless;
open our eyes that we may discern your ways;
open our hearts that we may bring faith to life.

Spirit of God,
Among the corridors of power, renew the face of the earth
Among the wheels of industry, renew the face of the earth.
Among the crime-infested neighbourhoods, renew the face of the earth.
Among the oppressors and the abusers, renew the face of the earth.
Among the marginalised and the exploited, renew the face of the earth.
Among the hopeless and the disillusioned, renew the face of the earth.
Among the poor and the dispossessed, renew the face of the earth.
Among the fractious and broken families, renew the face of the earth.
Among the lonely and the sick, renew the face of the earth.
We pray in Jesus’s name. Amen.

Julia Binney

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A PLACE OF PREPARATION (Life in a Time of Lockdown 6)

Upper Room

There are 10 days between Ascension Day and the Day of Pentecost. Luke tells us that after Jesus was ‘taken up into heaven’ the apostles left the Mount of Olives and went back to Jerusalem and ‘devoted themselves to prayer’ (Acts 1:11,14).

I have often wondered how those first followers of Jesus must have felt in the midst of this emotional roller coaster ride of the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus right before their eyes. Amazed, confused, full of faith and anticipation? Most probably a mixture of them all! Luke tells us that they returned to Jerusalem ‘overwhelmed and ecstatic with joy… praising and worshipping God’ (Luke 24:52,53 The Passion). Their return to the city was in obedience to the command of Jesus to ‘wait in the city until they had been clothed with power from on high’ (Luke 24:49). They had been instructed to wait, to pray and to seek God until they had received what Jesus had promised (Acts 1:4,5) and this is what they did … well for the most part, apart from the unnecessary church meeting that Peter instigated (Acts 1:15-26) … all 120 of them!

They purposefully gathered in the Upper Room which was their regular meeting place. This large second floor room has been described as ‘the place where the greatest drama in human history was played out.’ It was the place of the Last Supper. The place where the disciples hid in fear after the death of Jesus. It was also the place where they encountered the Risen Christ. This was a place of sharing, friendship, and fellowship. It was also a place of jealousy, betrayal, and fear. Then, when Jesus appeared after the resurrection and showed them his hands and side, the disciples’ sense of failure and fear was transformed into courage and hope, healing and mission. When Thomas saw the nail prints in Jesus’ hands and the wound in Jesus’ side, the one who had doubted declared the great words of faith and worship, ‘My Lord and my God!’ (John 20:28). The Upper Room was the place of revelation and encounter. And it was about to become a place of transformation and empowerment. All they had to do was to wait together, watch and pray together for just ten days. The Upper Room was also a place of preparation. This time was absolutely vital to prepare the disciples to receive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1-4).

We too are in such a vital time of preparation and formation between what was before CV-19 and what will come afterwards. The disciples didn’t know what to expect. They were just following Jesus’ instructions. And we do not know what to expect of life after the virus … whenever that will be. All we can do is wait, watch and pray, and listen for Jesus’ instructions to us. We cannot literally pray in the Upper Room at Abbey (a specific prayer room on the top floor of our building set aside exclusively for prayer and used not only by Abbey folk but open for all) but we can pray in our homes for revelation and encounter and purposefully seek God for the absolutely vital transformation, empowerment and renewal of the Holy Spirit to come upon us at Pentecost so we can be prepared, equipped and spiritually energized for what is to come.

Jonathan Friz of the 10 Days of Prayer Virtual Global Upper Room wrote recently that ‘We are living in strange times. While history records many plagues, we have never seen a plague shut down cities and economies all over the globe at the same time. Uncertainty and fear seem to rule the day, and yet, in the midst of this crisis, many are anticipating times of unprecedented harvest, unity, and the outpouring of the Spirit. As we approach Pentecost, God is calling His church back to the Upper Room, to seek the Lord, to rediscover our love and need for one another, to hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches, and to seek to solidify our own hearts in God’s word while also crying out in prayer for God’s purposes to be done on earth as it is in heaven.’

Spirit of the living God,
Fall afresh on me.
Break me, melt me, mould me, fill me.
Spirit of the living God,
Fall afresh on me.

~ Daniel Iverson (1890-1977)

Julia Binney

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